Prostatitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Risks

16 Jul 2021

Prostatitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment & Risks

Prostatitis, also known as inflammation in the prostate gland, is a prevalent condition in men that affects the urinary system. It can cause painful urination, burning sensations during urination and ejaculation, fevers, and chills, among other symptoms. The causes of Prostatitis range from inflammation of the gland or the neighbouring tissues to bacterial infection.

Table of Contents:

Feel free to skip ahead if one topic catches your eye

  1. What is Prostatitis?
  2. Common Symptoms
  3. Main Causes of Prostatitis
  4. Risk and Complications due to Prostatitis
  5. Treatment of Prostatitis in Delhi

 Take Away


  1. What is Prostatitis? 


 The prostate gland is a specialized gland located behind the urinary bladder in males. It is a tiny gland whose primary purpose is to produce semen, a fluid that nurtures the sperms in men.

Prostatitis is the most frequent urinary tract ailment in men. It can afflict males of all ages, although it is frequent in men under the age of 50.  It is a condition that causes significant pelvic discomfort, as well as uncomfortable and difficult urination.

 Types of prostatitis: 

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis is a type of prostatitis in which bacteria remain lodged in the prostate glands, resulting in recurring and difficult-to-treat urinary tract infections. It lasts for more than 3 months
  • Chronic pelvic pain syndrome/Chronic Prostatitis: This is the most frequent type of inflamed prostate gland, causing chronic discomfort in the pelvis and genitals. It is to be noted that it is an inflammation of the prostate, not an infection.
  • Asymptomatic inflammatory Prostatitis: There is an inflammation of the prostate gland here but it is asymptomatic. The inflammation shows no symptoms that make it hard to diagnose. It is discovered only after a semen analysis test.
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis is a kind of prostatitis that is caused by a bacterium. It is a urinary tract infection that causes infection in the severe prostate gland. Symptoms include fever, chills, discomfort, frequent urination, and difficult peeing, and it necessitates medical treatment. Its onset is sudden and temporary.

Read Also: Enlarged Prostate: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments


2. Common Symptoms

The symptoms of different types of prostatitis vary depending on the severity of the infection and inflammation. The penis, scrotum, lower abdomen, and rectum are the main areas where prostatitis symptoms appear. It can cause a lot of different symptoms including:

  • Dysuria (painful urination)
  • Pelvic and groin pain
  • Testicular and anal pain
  • Difficulty in holding urine inside the bladder.

Bacterial prostatitis, whether acute or chronic, manifests all of the prostatitis symptoms listed above, as well as:

  • While relieving yourself, you might feel a burning sensation.
  • More frequent urination
  • Pain during ejaculation
  • Intense bladder pain
  • Other signs and symptoms of a bacterial infection in the prostate include: Chills and fever

 Asymptomatic prostatitis, as the name implies, causes no symptoms of prostatitis and thus can go unreported.

Read Also: Male Reproductive System: Structure & Function



3. Main Causes of Prostatitis 


The precise etiology of chronic prostatitis has yet to be determined. It caused by a plethora of factors, including:

  • Stress can be a major factor that can cause prostatitis.
  • Damage to the nerves in the prostate or surrounding tissues
  • Bicycling or sports-related injury to the pelvic region
  • Several autoimmune diseases


Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Stones in the prostate gland
  • Bacterial infection in the urinary tract
  • Previous surgery or biopsy
  • Urine retention for an extended period of time, resulting in bacterial development in the urine. It is one of the major prostatitis causes
  • Bladder infection and urinary bladder stones.

Normal Prostate vs Prostatitis

4. Risk and Complications due to Prostatitis 

Although men of all ages can get it, some risk factors enhance the likelihood of developing prostatitis:


  • A catheter insert in the urethra. This can induce an infection by allowing bacteria to enter the urinary tract.
  • bladder infection that occurred recently
  • Urinary tract anatomical or physiological abnormalities
  • Prostate enlargement
  • Having HIV/AIDS
  • Being afflicted with an autoimmune disease.

 Prostate inflammation or infection can be a challenging disease, raising the question of the risk of prostate cancer.

There have been rare incidences where the presence of prostatitis has been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer, although the connection between the two is not well established. It is a pretty common ailment that many men suffer from in their lives. However, the condition can be treated medically, and prostatitis does not always progress to malignancy.

 However, if not treated promptly, it can develop to a range of other problems, including:

  • bacterial infections in the blood,
  • infertility, and irregularities with semen
  • Pus in the prostate cavity.
  • Testicular and epididymal inflammation.


5. Treatment of Prostatitis in Delhi 

It is critical to take action to treat prostatitis. You should take it seriously as soon as you notice any symptoms and begin treatment. A range of tests used by the urologist to diagnose the various kinds of prostatitis, including:

  • Ultrasound used to visualize a prostate issue.
  • Urine examination: Check for inflammatory symptoms and indications
  • Analyses of prostate fluid and Blood test: to see whether there’s any inflammation or if there’s a bacterial infection.
  • Cystoscopy

Treatment for prostatitis determined by the type and severity of the condition.

  • For bacterial prostatitis, antibiotics are administered for 14 days.
  • Antibiotics administered for chronic bacterial prostatitis for periods ranging from 4 to 12 weeks.
  • Antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs and opioids used to treat common chronic prostatitis.
  • Prostate surgery: in the most severe cases of prostatitis, surgical intervention required.
  • Hot water baths and heating pads are two home remedies that may assist in relieving discomfort.

Considering chronic prostatitis might recur even after treatment, it’s critical to follow the urologist’s advice. It is recommended that you keep a healthy lifestyle and limit your intake of spicy and stimulating foods. The bacterium in the urethra can flushed out by drinking plenty of water and urinating often.

 The cost of prostatitis treatment varies depending on many factors, including the clinic and the urologist. Depending on the amount and types of tests or medications ordered, the cost may increase or decrease. The cost would increase if surgery is required. To ensure you receive the best prostatitis treatment, go to a well-established facility like The Urethra Clinic in Delhi.


 Take Away

 Prostatitis is a difficult condition to live with, and if not treated promptly, it can lead to a variety of consequences. It recommended visiting a good urologist like Dr. Vikram Shah Batra at the Urethra clinic, who’s the best urologist in Delhi.

Dr. Vikram Shah Batra is a Urology Cancer Specialist in Delhi with years of experience in the urology field. The urethra clinic equipped with cutting-edge technology, with a knowledgeable and committed team of experts. The Urethra Clinic is the best clinic in Delhi which uses intensive research and surgical expertise to guarantee that each patient receives suitable tailored treatment.