Male Reproductive System: Structure & Function | The Urethra Clinic

Male Reproductive System
28 Jun 2021

Male Reproductive System: Structure & Function | The Urethra Clinic

Reproduction, in essence, is a biological procedure of producing one (or more) offspring of a particular breed. The process generally entails the participation of both a female and a male reproductive system. The purpose of the latter is to generate, manage, and transport sperm, as well as protective fluid, into the former through intercourse. Hence, there are several distinct differences between these two. For instance, unlike its counterpart, the male reproductive system is situated outside of one’s body. It constitutes some idiosyncratic organs, which helps the same fulfill its function. Here, in this write-up, we are going to discuss the same, as well as the function of the male reproductive system, in a detailed manner. So, be sure to go through the article until the end.

Table of Contents

Feel free to skip ahead if one topic catches your eye:

  1. Structure of the Male Reproductive System
  2. Its Components
  3. What is the Function of the Male Reproductive System?

Take Away

1. Structure of the Male Reproductive System

As mentioned before, a part of the male reproductive system resides outside of the body. This section usually includes – scrotum, penis, and testicles. Conversely, the internal part of it features – vas deferens, urethra, ejaculatory duct, prostate, epididymis, seminal vesicles, etc. 

The penis generally comprises the root (attached to the pelvic bones and abdominal structures), the glans penis (cone-shaped section), and the visible shaft. The opening part of the urethra is situated at the head of the glans penis. 

The scrotum, on the other hand, is the thick-skinned section, which protects the testicles. It, sometimes, acts as the climate-control system to keep the testes cooler than the body temperature for natural sperm production.

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The oval-shaped organs, which tend to reside under the protection of the scrotum, are known as testes or testicles. They usually have a length of 4cm to 7cm and have a volume between 20ml to 25ml. Generally, the left one hangs somewhat lower than the right one.   

The epididymis is yet another crucial part of the male reproductive system. It comprises a single-coiled microscopic tube, which has a length of almost 6m. Each of the epidermises generally lies against the testes.    

The Vas Deferens is a dense tube that features the size of a spaghetti strand. It usually connects the epididymis with the back of the prostate and joins the same with the seminal vesicles. 

Each of the vas deferens available in your body forms a type of intertwined structure together, known as the spermatic cord.

2. Its Components

The male reproductive system comprises several components and usually seems pretty complex regarding design.  According to the best Urologist in Delhi, each of them has different functions and, thus, can influence the overall reproductive organism differently. Here is what you need to know about them. 

  • Penis: It is the primary organ of the male reproductive system, which is used during sexual intercourse. Semen, which comprises sperm and bodily fluid, is released from the penis when a person is having an orgasm (sexual climax).
  • Scrotum: The primary role of the scrotum is to protect the testicles that reside inside them. It also offers a typical “climate-control” system to keep the temperature the same in an optimal condition. 
  • Testicles: These oval-shaped organs generally take part in the male reproductive system functions by producing testosterone. Additionally, it helps in generating sperm and semen as well. 
  • Epididymis: The epididymis usually helps in storing and carrying sperm cells from the testes. Furthermore, it also keeps the same in an optimal condition to mature them and make them ideal for fertilization. 
  • Ejaculatory Ducts: As the name suggests, the ejaculatory ducts help in carrying the semen further into the penis during sexual intercourse. The ducts are usually created by the fusion between seminal vesicles and vas deferens. 
  • Vas Deferens: The vas deferens takes part in the function of the male reproductive system by transporting mature sperm to your urethra. The procedure is a must for the urethra to carry the sperm outside of your body. 
  • Prostate Gland: The prostate gland helps in creating a typical bodily liquid, also known as semen. It further assists the matured sperms to stay alive for a prolonged period and nourish it. 
  • Seminal Vesicles: The seminal vesicles are responsible for creating fructose, which provides mass-energy to your sperm for moving. The highest percentage of the ejaculatory liquid is generally made by these organs. 
  • Urethra: The urethra usually operates in the function of carrying urine from your bladder. However, it also helps the ejaculated semen (when the person reaches the stage of orgasm) to go outside of your body.  

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3. What is the Function of the Male Reproductive System?

The overall function of the male reproductive system tends to be quite all-inclusive. It primarily helps in making sperm and semen, which play a crucial role in reproduction. Furthermore, the organs, which comprise the whole system, aid in releasing the semen when someone reaches orgasm. In addition, it also produces testosterone to make an individual sexually mature during the puberty period.

Nevertheless, arguably, the male reproductive system cannot perform alone. To do the aforementioned tasks, it entails the help of hormones. These chemicals tend to predominantly regulate the activity of the organs in the system. Some of the hormones, that take part in the function of the male reproductive system, include = 

  • Testosterone 
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone 
  • Luteinizing hormone

Take away

The male reproductive system, contrary to popular belief, is quite complex. Therefore, learning about the same meticulously can help you to be aware of almost everything that happens to it. Besides, it can also aid you in perceiving the medical issues of the same before it turns into something severe and more complicated. In addition, the knowledge can also help you to describe the problem to the Urologist in detail. With the help of above information, you will also get treated in the correct way and lower your risk of getting affected by the same issue again. Hopefully, this article has helped to some extent in this aspect.