Are you searching for the best kidney cancer specialist in Delhi? Great, your search has landed you at the right platform. Yes, currently we are the best kidney care specialist in Delhi.
The kidney is an important organ of our body. The pea-shaped pair helps in the removal of waste and excess water from the blood in the form of urine. Most importantly, the kidney maintains the balance of salts (such as sodium, potassium, and calcium) in our bodies. A healthy kidney is also the centre of synthesis of many hormones that regulate blood pressure and stimulate the bone marrow to make new blood cells.
Any abnormalities in the kidney can lead to several complications. If you are facing any issues with kidney function, do consult The Urethra Clinic, best kidney specialist in Delhi, and get the proper treatment done.
Kidney cancer is one of the top ten cancers that have been studied vastly to increase the patient survival rate after the diagnosis. Kidney cancer specialist in Delhi NCR has pioneer treatment centres equipped with futuristic techniques at affordable care. The Urethra Clinic, located in New Delhi has the expertise and valuable resources that provide the right scientific approach in treating kidney cancer patients.
Kidney cancer is the cancer of kidney cells which grow rapidly and irregularly and alter the important functions of the kidney. During the early stages of kidney cancer, people rarely find any symptoms. If found by chance, such as during imaging or treating other diseases, the chances of its effective treatment can be increased. Hence, the need for early diagnosis. As kidney cancer progresses it shows a combination of symptoms such as:
- Blood in urine
- Lower back pain
- Fatigue or loss of appetite
- Anaemia (low levels of red blood cells)
- Swollen lymph nodes
- If untreated cancer may progress to another organ affecting their functionality
Kidney cancer treatment in Delhi has the right tool and technique and has become a pioneer in handling several cases of renal issues including kidney cancer.
Staging is a method of describing the location of cancer, whether or not it has spread, and whether it is impacting other sections of the body. It is a crucial part of diagnosis as knowing the stage assists the doctor in recommending the best course of action and can assist in predicting the prognosis or likelihood of recovery for a patient. Staging varies with different types of cancer. The best kidney cancer specialist in Delhi NCR offers effective treatment plans through their early diagnosis programs.
The following table can be referred to for understanding the different stages of kidney cancer.
|Stages of Kidney Cancer||Cancer Progression||Chance of recovery (Five year survival rate)|
|Stage I||Tumour Size: 7 cm or smaller
Location: Kidney Spreading: not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs.
|Stage II||Tumour Size: 7 cm or more prominent
Location: Kidney Spreading: Has not spread to lymph nodes or distant organs.
|Stage III||Either of these conditions:
1. Tumour Size: Any Size Location: Kidney. Spreading: spreads to the regional lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body.
2. Tumour Size: Any Size Location: Kidney. Spreading: Tumour grown into major veins or perinephric tissue and may or may not have spread to regional lymph nodes but has not spread to other parts of the body.
|Stage IV||Either of these conditions: 1. The tumour has spread to areas surrounding the kidney and extends into the adrenal gland on the same side of the body as the tumour, possibly to lymph nodes, but not to other parts of the body
2. The tumour has spread and caused cancer to other organs, such as the lungs, bones, or the brain
|Recurrent||Cancer that has returned after therapy is referred to as recurrent cancer. It might be discovered in the kidney itself or elsewhere else in the body. More testing is needed to determine the amount of cancer recurrence.||Again depends on what stage it is.|
On a more positive note, one should know that cancer of any organ is among other diseases that have been treated effectively due to several advancements in scientific tools and techniques. The 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of kidney cancer is 80%. With early diagnosis, the survival rate of kidney cancer has improved drastically which signifies the importance of early diagnosis for timely treatment.
- Blood in urine
- Low appetite
- A lump felt on the lower back and flank
- Extreme fatigue
- Unintended weight loss
- Persistent fever
Kidney cancer cannot be pinpointed to an exact cause. However, some factors increase the risk and predispose someone to kidney cancer.
- Obesity: This is one of the most important risk factors for kidney cancers. In obesity, the fat cells of the body malfunction. There is a release of certain chemical substances such as leptin, TNF-α, and IL-6. These substances trigger the mechanisms of excessive cell growth and uncontrolled proliferation, leading to cancer.
- Smoking: While smoking, the lungs absorb the contents of the inhaled substance, which then reaches the bloodstream. During the filtration process by the kidneys, the toxins or the cancer-causing chemicals in the blood stay as residue in the kidneys. These substances damage the cells of the kidney and accelerate the mechanism of cell division, thus leading to malignancy.
- Genetic probability: Kidney cancer is inherited in a dominant genetic manner. Certain genes are responsible for kidney cancer. When these genes are inherited even from one parent, they can turn out positive for kidney cancer.
- People undergoing dialysis for long periods: Due to the presence of long-term kidney disease, there is an increased chance of renal cysts. This, in turn, increases the tendency for kidney cancer. Kidney cancer treatment in Delhi at The Urethra clinic increases your chances of a speedy recovery.
- Mutations of certain genes: The mutation of certain genes such as the VHL increases the chances of cancer. Under regular conditions, the VHL gene prevents abnormal cell growth. When this gene undergoes mutation, excessive cell division and growth occurs, resulting in cancerous growth.
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure: In case of high blood pressure, the kidney tissues undergo specific changes making them susceptible to damage and the possibility of a malignancy. Kidney cancer treatment in Delhi encompasses a comprehensive treatment plan suited to your needs.
- Asbestos exposure: Occupational exposure to asbestos causes it to reach the lungs and the bloodstream. When the kidneys filter out the waste during urine production, the substrate translocates to the kidneys and causes cancer.
- Cadmium exposure: Industrial and environmental exposure to cadmium results in its accumulation in the epithelial cells and causes carcinogenic changes over time.
- Radiation exposure such as radiotherapy for other cancers: When there is irradiation to the pelvic area, DNA damage might occur in cells and progress to kidney cancer.
The Urethra Clinic offers Kidney cancer treatment in Delhi under the guidance of Dr. Vikram Shah Batra.
Before commencing treatment, the diagnosis of kidney cancer is confirmed first. The diagnosis of kidney cancer is based on:
Medical history: If you have one or more symptoms that may be suggestive of kidney cancer, a detailed assessment is necessary. Your specialist will take a detailed history to delve better into your symptoms. He/she will calculate the risk factors that may predispose you to the possibility of kidney cancer.
Blood tests: Laboratory blood tests give an indication of any issue with the kidneys. They will also point out if the cancer is local or has spread to other areas. Tests like the complete blood count (CBC) provide a picture of the level of red blood cells in the body. Anemia is a common finding in kidney cancers. Sometimes, an increase in the production of a substance called erythropoietin that stimulates the production of blood cells also may be detected.
Biochemical tests: Certain substances such as liver enzymes and serum calcium levels are altered in kidney cancer and these indicate the need for imaging techniques in diagnosis.
i) CT scan: It provides detailed information about the location, size, and shape of the tumor.
ii) Guided biopsy: A fine needle is used guided by the CT to take a sample of the tumor and is subject to histopathological testing.
iii) MRI scan: This is used when a CT cannot be used due to impaired kidney function or the extent of the tumor.
iv) Ultrasound: An ultrasound helps to detect any mass in the kidneys and also distinguishes the type of mass if it is malignant or benign.
Surgery is sometimes the standard of care for kidney cancers. This depends upon the nature, type, and stage of cancer, as well as other attributes. Your doctor will decide on the right type of surgery for you.
The type of surgeries available to treat kidney cancers are:
- Partial nephrectomy: In this type of surgery, only the part of the kidney containing the tumor is removed and the rest of the portion is left as it is. This is appropriate when the tumor is localized to only one area of the kidney. This surgery helps to regain kidney function.
- Metastatic removal: In case the tumor has spread beyond the kidney, the area containing the tumor is removed. This is useful in preventing the further spread of the tumor.
- Radical nephrectomy: This surgery removes the whole of the kidney, along with the adrenal gland on top of it, the associated lymph nodes, and the fat surrounding the kidney. Sometimes, the adrenal glands are left in place if the tumor is not in the near vicinity of the kidney tumor. Nowadays, this surgery is performed through robotic assistance and via the laparoscopic route.
‘Cancer’ has become the most talked about disease of this century as it has not spared the young and the old in its conquest. The core perception of cancer as a ruthless, unpredictable, and unstoppable attacker has made people bend their knees and succumb to fear. The lack of general awareness and medical advances in warding off cancer is the most probable cause of why the disease crumbles a patient’s self-confidence.
Hence, it is crucial that the cancer care specialist you meet has the right expertise and experience in treating a considerable number of patients with a positive outcome. With more than 15 years of experience as a urologist, Dr. Vikram Shah Batra is considered the best kidney cancer specialist in Delhi NCR.
On a more promising note, as a trained robotic surgeon and reconstructive urologist, Dr. Batra’s skill and positive approach have helped countless patients from all walks of life. Dr. Batra also holds professional membership from the Urology Society of India, Endourology Society, USA, and Societe Urologie Internationale, Canada. Being a part of such a prestigious professional group keeps surgeons updated with the latest developments and progress in their areas of expertise.
The Urethra Clinic is widely regarded as one of the top clinics in Delhi offering urology treatments. Dr. Vikram Shah Batra, the Best Uro Cancer Surgeon in Delhi, and his team offer treatments for hypospadias, prostate cancer as well as surgeries such as penile and urethral reconstruction.
Urethra clinic is your best choice as we offer the latest procedures with the best precision. These treatments are aimed at offering management of the condition, as well as improving the quality of life.
In most cases, early signs of kidney cancer are unnoticeable. However, possible signs that could help with a good prognosis includes:
- Urine in the blood
- Back pain
- A lump on the side or back
Any advanced stage of cancer is relatively hard to cure. However, with recent developments in medical technology, a boost in cancer care programs has helped millions with an increased survival rate of kidney cancer through early diagnosis.
Kidney cancer is the abnormal growth of kidney cells. The most common kidney cancer starts in the lining of tiny tubes (called renal tubules) in either one or both kidneys. The tumour grows affecting the nearby cells and tissues.
Survival rates can tell you what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive after a certain period. This could be 5 years or 10 years. With an early diagnosis of kidney cancer, the five-year survival rate is 80%. However, this value goes down to 8% when the cancer is detected at a late stage.